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cholera-outbreal

Five Basic Cholera Prevention Methods

The risk for cholera is fairly low for people visiting areas with epidemic cholera. When simple precautions are observed, contracting the disease is unlikely.

All people visiting areas where cholera is occurring or has occurred should be aware of the basic cholera facts and observe these five basic cholera prevention recommendations 1

1.  Drink and use safe water

  • Bottled water with unbroken seals and canned or bottled carbonated beverages are safe to drink and use.
  • Use safe water to brush your teeth, wash and prepare food, and to make ice.
  • Clean food preparation areas and kitchenware with soap and safe water and let dry completely before reuse.
To be sure water is safe to drink and use:
  • Boil it or treat it with a chlorine product or household bleach.
  • If boiling, bring your water to a complete boil for at least 1 minute.
  • To treat your water with chlorine, use one of the locally available treatment products
  • If a chlorine treatment product is not available, you can treat your water with household bleach. Add 8 drops of household bleach for every1 gallon of water (or 2 drops of household bleach for every 1 liter of water) and wait 30 minutes before drinking.
  • Always store your treated water in a clean, covered container.

2.  Wash your hands often with soap and safe water

  • Before you eat or prepare food
  • Before feeding your children
  • After using the latrine or toilet
  • After cleaning your child’s bottom
  • After taking care of someone ill with diarrhea

3.   Use latrines or bury your feces (poop); do not defecate in any body of water

  • Use latrines or other sanitation systems, like chemical toilets, to dispose of feces.
  • Wash hands with soap and safe water after defecating.
  • Clean latrines and surfaces contaminated with feces using a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water.
What if I don’t have a latrine or chemical toilet?
  • Defecate at least 30 meters (98 ft) away from any body of water and then bury your feces.
  • Dispose of plastic bags containing feces in latrines, at collection points if available, or bury it in the ground. Do not put plastic bags in chemical toilets.
  • Dig new latrines or temporary pit toilets at least a half-meter (1.6 ft) deep and at least 30 meters (98 ft) away from any body of water.

4.   Cook food well and keep it covered, eat it hot, peel fruits and vegetables

  • Boil it, Cook it, Peel it, or Leave it.
  • Be sure to cook shellfish (like crabs and crayfish) until they are very hot all the way through.

5.   Clean up safely—in the kitchen and where you bath and wash clothes

  • Wash yourself, your children, diapers, and clothes, 30 meters (98 feet) away from drinking water sources.
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hangover_2

Hangover? Foods You Should Eat Before You Go Drinking

Experience has taught us that drinking on an empty stomach is a decidedly bad idea, as the risk of texting "hey u up" to your ex. But conversely, eating a bunch of wholesome, real foods will help you drink more, stay up longer, ward off a hangover, and keep generally regrettable behavior at bay.

We spoke to several registered dietitian nutritionists to find out exactly what to eat before you go out drinking. With the holiday season here now, remember this list before you take on the bottle.

low-fat-yogurt1

 

Low-fat yogurt

Low-fat yogurt is more than a sad office lunch when you're feeling lazy to pack a meal like a real grown-up do. Yogurt is actually a great snack option before you go out drinking. Top the creamy stuff with a sprinkle of granola and you'll get all the important macronutrients in one dish: carbs, protein, and fat. It'll literally stick to your gut, as the food will digest slowly over four to six hours.

fish

 

High Protein Meats

Pump up your protein intake. Each chicken, lean meat or fish, the best of which is salmon. Alcohol depletes your body's vitamin B-12 levels, but salmon has super-high levels of said vitamin  (and omega 3's, because this piece of fish is a gosh darn overachiever). The nutritionists we spoke to all agreed that those B-vitamins "have many physiological functions in the body," that include the promotion of short-term memory and general neurological function.

eggs

Eggs

The incredible, edible food that definitely came before the chicken is not only one of the best foods to cure your hangover, it's also one of the best foods to eat before you do things that cause you to get one in the first place. That's due to its essential amino acids needed to help break down some of the alcohol.

 

avocado

 

Avocado

The green, pear-shaped fruit you can mash to make the perfect guacamole is loaded with healthy fats, which are "digested more slowly than carbs.

Almonds

Like avocado, almonds or almond butter is chock-full of good fats, and will help slow the absorption of alcohol into your bloodstream.

milk

 

Low-fat Milk

Moo juice remains a reliable source of top-notch protein with a biological value just shy of that found in an egg. The fat in milk will help you absorb the fat-soluble nutrients like vitamin D present in the great white. Studies show that cows raised using organic farming methods produce milk richer in a range of nutrients, including body-friendly omega fats.

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medieval-insurance

The History Of Insurance

I get an annual deer-in-the-headlights situation whenever my insurance is about to lapse because just about that same period my pockets tend to drain faster than the NYS kitty. Today is about that period and my cellphone has been buzzing with reminders that I have a few days to pay for my car policy or else… Everything seems grey and all hopes of catching up with friends this weekend over a jug of sangria seem a world away.

It’s days like these I toy around the idea of being born in the medieval age where my only concern would be how tight my corset is, never mind that insurance started long before that.

Forgive my Spartan addiction but my imagery of Greeks and Romans has always been that of chisel shaped men, tall with stellar bodies, cunning charm with white clothes draping them and a penchant for all things war – your typical knight in shining armor. Non?

In the early 600AD the Greeks had the concept of health and life insurance down to a tee. The oxymoron is not lost in me that these cautious yet bravado looking men ensured that incase of their demise the funerals were covered and they had a proper burial rite. No wonder they had no qualms going to the battlefield donned with sandals and a sword chanting “This is Sparta “.

If you think The Donald’s campaign in the US has a problem with Chinese manufacturing, we haven’t met yet but that’s a story for another day. The Chinese innovativeness is no mean feat. As early as the 3rd millennial BC they had somewhat grasped the concept of risk aversion by distributing their wares into different vessels due to the rapid rivers they had to navigate, just in case one capsized.

Quite the paradox, one would think with all the travelling since the BC’S they would have adopted a second language, but no, they will make a quick sale using the two or less familiar words they know. Woe unto you, if you don’t insure that merchandise and good luck figuring out which Asian wearing a ‘makuti’ hat sold it to you.

All these instances gave effect to the mutual assistance in case of loss. Insurance became far more sophisticated in post renaissance Europe and specialized varieties developed. Insurance - as we know it today - can be traced to the Great Fire of London of 1666 that ravaged London from Sunday 2nd to Wednesday 5th September.

The Great Fire cost London an estimated £10 million, at a time when its annual income was just £12,000. By the end of the 17th century, three London societies were actively engaged in the risk aversion business. Insurance had become accepted practice – farmers wanted crop insurance, travelers wanted travel insurance and everybody turned to insurers to buy peace of mind.

To make a long story short, insurance (today) is being conducted over a vast array of "lines of business" that encompass personal, commercial, marine, aviation, agriculture, life, health, financial and engineering insurance. Virtually anything - from the mundane to the bizarre - can be insured.

The history of insurance has certainly evolved over the years with new premium packages being introduced into the market. Just in case you’re wondering if I am driving about town rolling up my windows and acting stern whenever I see a police check, lest they come gazing at my windscreen to find an expired insurance, am having none of that. New companies such as Bima Exchange have great rates and flexible payment plan in. With that behind me I can enjoy my jug of sangria or maybe make them two and then Uber home.

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4 Reasons Why You Should Get Health Insurance

4 Reasons Why You Should Get Health Insurance

In Kenya, the rate of people that have been living without health insurance has continued to increase exponentially. The reasons why tens of millions of people across the country live without health insurance has been blamed on rising costs of insurance, higher levels of unemployment, more and more employers cutting back on benefits offered to employees and luck of consumer awareness of the effects of living without health insurance. While many people do live without it, here are four reasons why you should not live without health insurance coverage.

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chronic

Chronic condition

 

A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is usually applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months. Common chronic diseases include arthritis, asthma, cancer, COPD, diabetes and viral diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS.

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Pre-Existing Condition

Pre-Existing Conditions

In the context of healthcare, a pre-existing condition is a medical condition that started before a person's health insurance went into effect. Some insurance policies do not cover expenses due to pre-existing conditions or require a waiting period before such expenses can be covered.

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Asthma and diabetes

Asthma and diabetes. Is there a link?

It is believed that more than 300 million people worldwide have asthma. And close to 300 million are living with diabetes. But before we talk about a link between these two conditions, it will help to talk what each condition is.

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Health Risks-Diabetes

Health Risk: Diabetes

Nearly 24% of people with diabetes don't know they have it. Find out if you're at risk and how you can manage the condition. By setting goals, you can stay on track in managing your diabetes risk.

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