The risk for cholera is fairly low for people visiting areas with epidemic cholera. When simple precautions are observed, contracting the disease is unlikely.
All people visiting areas where cholera is occurring or has occurred should be aware of the basic cholera facts and observe these five basic cholera prevention recommendations 1
1. Drink and use safe water
- Bottled water with unbroken seals and canned or bottled carbonated beverages are safe to drink and use.
- Use safe water to brush your teeth, wash and prepare food, and to make ice.
- Clean food preparation areas and kitchenware with soap and safe water and let dry completely before reuse.
To be sure water is safe to drink and use:
- Boil it or treat it with a chlorine product or household bleach.
- If boiling, bring your water to a complete boil for at least 1 minute.
- To treat your water with chlorine, use one of the locally available treatment products
- If a chlorine treatment product is not available, you can treat your water with household bleach. Add 8 drops of household bleach for every1 gallon of water (or 2 drops of household bleach for every 1 liter of water) and wait 30 minutes before drinking.
- Always store your treated water in a clean, covered container.
2. Wash your hands often with soap and safe water
- Before you eat or prepare food
- Before feeding your children
- After using the latrine or toilet
- After cleaning your child’s bottom
- After taking care of someone ill with diarrhea
3. Use latrines or bury your feces (poop); do not defecate in any body of water
- Use latrines or other sanitation systems, like chemical toilets, to dispose of feces.
- Wash hands with soap and safe water after defecating.
- Clean latrines and surfaces contaminated with feces using a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water.
What if I don’t have a latrine or chemical toilet?
- Defecate at least 30 meters (98 ft) away from any body of water and then bury your feces.
- Dispose of plastic bags containing feces in latrines, at collection points if available, or bury it in the ground. Do not put plastic bags in chemical toilets.
- Dig new latrines or temporary pit toilets at least a half-meter (1.6 ft) deep and at least 30 meters (98 ft) away from any body of water.
4. Cook food well and keep it covered, eat it hot, peel fruits and vegetables
- Boil it, Cook it, Peel it, or Leave it.
- Be sure to cook shellfish (like crabs and crayfish) until they are very hot all the way through.
5. Clean up safely—in the kitchen and where you bath and wash clothes
- Wash yourself, your children, diapers, and clothes, 30 meters (98 feet) away from drinking water sources.